Spatio-temporal characteristics of cold wave in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River between 1958 and 2015
Ke-yi WANG, Yuan LIU, Bu-chun LIU, Mei-juan QIU, Xiao-juan YANG, Yue-ying ZHANG, Xin-yue WU, Nan-shu XIAO, and Jing-yi PANG
The daily cooling rate of station was calculated based on daily minimum temperature data of 54 meteorological stations in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River from 1958 to 2015. A quantitative analysis of the evolutionary characteristics and spatial changes of cold wave occurrence and development was conducted in the region. The results showed that in the past 58 years, the frequency of cold wave presented an insignificant decrease trend with an average of 1.2 times/station (P>0.05). During cold wave processing, the spatial distribution of average difference of the minimum temperature was higher in the south and lower in the north; and the extreme of average difference of the minimum temperature gradually decreased from the regional center to the surroundings. The first cold wave occurred on August 1 (Jiujiang), and the last on May 4 (Shouxian and Lu'an). The spatial distribution of the time difference was significant. The frequent cold waves occurred in winter, followed by spring and autumn.
  • Dec. 28, 2020
  • Journal of Natural Resources
  • Vol. 35, Issue 12, 3029 (2020)
  • DOI:10.31497/zrzyxb.20201217
Several issues on scientific legislation for prohibiting food waste: Some personal reflections
Sheng-kui CHENG, Xi-sheng HUANG, De-sheng HU, Zhi-yuan SHI, and Zhi-yun LUO
The phenomenon of food waste has aroused great concern from the international community, and some foreign countries have regulated it by law in a comprehensive way. In China, food waste mainly occurs in the public catering industry. In the whole society, we must form a legal atmosphere of being glorious to save and shameful to waste. The occasions of food waste mainly include wedding party, "event banquet", business dinner and dinner with friends. The causes of food waste include constraints of science and technology, subjective factors of actors and inherent defects of traditional ownership system. Although there are laws concerning food waste in China, the current provisions are relatively principled and scattered, lacking systematicness and maneuverability. To regulate food waste behavior by law is the need of ensuring food security, fulfilling international obligations, saving resources, protecting ecological environment, upgrading and integrating legal norms. The food waste behavior of public legal subjects and individuals in food production, processing and consumption should be comprehensively regulated by a special law, which should be formulated by the NPC Standing Committee under the guidance of the notion of social attribute of resources and the idea of green development, through direct prohibition, tax adjustment, consumption guidance and other ways. The legal regulation should focus on food and food waste behavior.
  • Dec. 28, 2020
  • Journal of Natural Resources
  • Vol. 35, Issue 12, 2821 (2020)
  • DOI:10.31497/zrzyxb.20201201
Practical progress and theoretical system construction of natural resources accounting in China
Li HE, Lei SHEN, Wei-min ZHANG, Jian-ge TAO, and Zhen-lin FAN
Natural resources play a vital role in the economic development of a country. Natural resources accounting has become an important natural resources management tool in recent years, and it is an important part of the natural resource governance system. Natural resources accounting is an effective way to improve the governance capacity of natural resources. SEEA 2012 and SNA 2008 play a crucial role in the theoretical research and accounting practice of natural resources. They are the important theoretical framework of natural resources accounting at home and abroad. In the new era of rapid development of informatization technology, China's balance sheet and resources accounting idea of natural resource asset management promote the construction of China's natural resource governance system and improve China's natural resource governance capacity. At present, in the theory of natural resources accounting, there is still a lack of unified understanding of the accounting framework and method, and in practice, there is also a lack of an effective accounting system. Therefore, it is necessary to systematically analyze the theoretical results of current natural resources accounting and establish the natural resources accounting system in China to guide the practice of natural resources accounting. Based on WSR methodology, this paper studies the theory and literature of natural resources accounting, and considers the establishment of China's natural resources accounting system. The main conclusions of this study are as follows: The natural resources accounting system should systematically analyze the "WSR" of natural resources accounting; based on the "WSR" analysis, the natural resources accounting consists of the national economic accounting of natural resources, the government asset management accounting of natural resources and the enterprise operation asset accounting of natural resources. The national economic accounting of natural resources is helpful for making macro-economic plan and economic decision-making, government asset management accounting of natural resources is helpful for government asset management, and enterprise asset accounting of natural resources is helpful for enterprise natural resource asset management and market element allocation. Based on WSR method, the natural resources accounting system can make wiser choices for accounting purpose, accounting framework, way of realization and accounting method. After a systematic analysis, the construction of accounting theoretical structure of natural resources accounting is helpful to improve the theory and practice, and to solve the divergence in the field of natural resources accounting research.
  • Dec. 28, 2020
  • Journal of Natural Resources
  • Vol. 35, Issue 12, 2968 (2020)
  • DOI:10.31497/zrzyxb.20201212
Hotspot identification and cause analysis of rural tourism based on website data:Take Jiangsu province as an example
Hui-fang RONG, and Zhuo-min TAO
Rural tourism has important practical significance for optimizing the rural industrial structure, and recovering the rural economy, especially for the implementation of the rural revitalization strategy. Thus, rural tourism is not only the focus of local government and tourism enterprises, but also a hot topic in domestic and international tourism research. At the same time, with the development and popularization of the Internet, travel websites, social software and other online platforms have become important tools to obtain travel information, make travel decisions, and share travel experiences. Tourism big data provides data sources and methodological support for rural tourism research. Based on data of tourism network, this paper puts forward a method for identifying rural tourism hotspots. Taking Jiangsu province as an example, this paper uses the methods of trend surface, nuclear density estimation and hot spot analysis to explore the cold and hot patterns of rural tourism, and reveals the influencing factors of the evolution with the help of geographic detectors. The results show that: (1) The annual and seasonal changes of rural tourism heat are obvious. The annual change presents s an "S" shaped evolution track, seasonal variation is characterized by "three peaks and four valleys", but the degree of seasonal influence on different types of rural tourist attractions is slightly different. (2) The spatial structure of rural tourism in Jiangsu province experienced the evolution of "mononuclear-dual-nuclear-trinuclear" in 2009-2017, but its heterogeneity is still significant, basically maintaining the overall characteristics of "high in the south and east regions, while low in the north and west regions". The hot spots are concentrated in southern Jiangsu and gradually evolve into cold spots in the north. The evolution of spatial structure shows a trend of "expanding from the west to the north". (3) There are obvious strength differences and time variations among the influencing factors. Transportation convenience and reception capacity have always been the main influencing factors. The economic development has a significant positive impact on the early development of rural tourism, and the influence of tourism resource tends to decline. The positive influence of ecological environment and government orientation on rural tourism is increasing. Hotspot identification based on network data provides a new perspective for quantitative research of rural tourism. In terms of practicability, it is helpful to clarify the evolution characteristics of the cold and hot patterns of rural tourism so as to provide important guiding significance for rural tourism resource development and regional cooperation.
  • Dec. 28, 2020
  • Journal of Natural Resources
  • Vol. 35, Issue 12, 2848 (2020)
  • DOI:10.31497/zrzyxb.20201203
The effects of ecological forest compensation on farmers' income from the perspective of incentive compatibility theory: An empirical study in Sanming, Fujian
Jun-long LI, Xiang-zheng DENG, Fan ZHANG, and Chuang-neng CAI
Based on the survey data of 499 farmers in Sanming, Fujian, the method of propensity score matching was used to measure the income effects of cash compensation and post compensation for farmers. The results show that both cash compensation and post compensation have positive effects on farmers' income. The effect of cash compensation on farmers' income is insignificant, while post compensation has 55.4% and 57% net effect on farmers' total income and per capita income, respectively. Further research found that the two compensation methods had different income effects for poor and non-poor farmers. Cash compensation is not conducive to poor farmers' income, while post compensation has significant positive effects across farmers with different income. In addition, considering the basic mission of ecological forest, it is found that the net effects of cash compensation and post compensation on ecological protection are different. Therefore, scientific planning on compensation methods and compensation standards is a fundamental way to achieve the double effects of ecological protection and farmers' income increase.
  • Dec. 28, 2020
  • Journal of Natural Resources
  • Vol. 35, Issue 12, 2942 (2020)
  • DOI:10.31497/zrzyxb.20201210
Modeling the long-term impacts of harvest and artificial regeneration on forest area and aboveground biomass in Red Soil Hilly Region: A case study in Moshao forest farm of Huitong county
Er-fu DAI, Xiao-fan WANG, Jian-jia ZHU, and Xiao-li WANG
Plantations in China are facing a series of issues, such as structure degradation and function reduction. Thus, it is urgently requested to implement effective measures on plantations through reasonable forest management strategies. The Moshao forest farm of Huitong ecological station, which is a typical forest ecosystem in Red Soil Hilly Region of South China, is the study area to examine the dynamics of forest area and aboveground biomass (AGB) in the next century. The landscape disturbance model named LANDIS-II was employed in this study to simulate the effects of harvesting intensities and artificial regeneration on artificial coniferous forest, artificial broad-leaved forest, and natural broad-leaved forest by six scenarios. The scenarios included low, middle, high harvest intensity and each scenario had an artificial regeneration option after harvesting. The results showed that as the harvesting intensity went heavier, the area of artificial coniferous forest decreased. Conversely, natural forest area increased. And the forest AGB decreased sharply when the harvesting intensity was high. Plantations could take advantages of artificial regeneration to remain the area and facilitate the AGB accumulation. The scheme of harvesting with 20% of plantations every 10 years and followed by artificial regeneration would basically retained the area and AGB at the initial level in the next century. Therefore, this scheme was more applicable to the long term development of the forest in the study area and helpful to achieve the forest sustainable management of Chinese fir and masson pine plantations.
  • Dec. 28, 2020
  • Journal of Natural Resources
  • Vol. 35, Issue 12, 2995 (2020)
  • DOI:10.31497/zrzyxb.20201214
Discussion on mixed use of rural residential land research framework
Bai-lin ZHANG, Jia-cheng QIAN, and Wei-min CAI
Mixed land use advocates that the land has multiple uses and functions, which is an important way to improve the vitality of economic development and the intensive use of land. At present, mixed land use is mainly applied in urban land use evolution and planning practice. With the intensification of urban-rural interaction, the urban-rural boundary tends to be blurred, and the internal structure and function of rural residential land in urban suburbs are gradually diversified, showing significant mixed utilization characteristics. Based on this, this paper attempts to apply mixed land use to the evolution and planning of rural residential land use. On the basis of reviewing the theory of mixed land use and its application, according to the logic of "connotation characteristics-quantitative evaluation-driving mechanism-practice approach", the systematic analysis of the mixed use of rural residential land in urban suburbs was carried out, and the optimization of rural residential areas was proposed. Finally, we take Yaocun village, which is located in the suburbs of Tianjin, as an example to demonstrate the research framework proposed in this paper. The ideas and plans for the mixed land use theoretically enrich the methods and framework for the transformation of rural residential land use, and provide scientific support for the preparation of village planning and the implementation of the strategy for rural revitalization in practice.
  • Dec. 28, 2020
  • Journal of Natural Resources
  • Vol. 35, Issue 12, 2929 (2020)
  • DOI:10.31497/zrzyxb.20201209